Objectives

02

2017-03

Objectives

The overall objective of the SWPE is to provide the standards of English writing proficiency that undergraduates should attain and to enhance students’ writing and communicative skills as a preparation for their future life, work and international engagement. In addition, the SWPE aims to offer guidance for curriculum design,material development, classroom instruction and assessment in college English writing courses to ensure the realization of overall objectives of English writing teaching.

2.1 Overall Objectives

(1) Students can understand what is read or given, obtain information, give feedback, state facts, explain issues, describe a person or a scene, make arguments,and exchange ideas through narration, exposition, description and argumentation in

written communication.

(2)Students can meet daily practical needs of writing, such as filling in forms,writing letters, compiling business documents, and drafting posters with appropriate content, proper logic and accurate language.

(3) To meet higher-level needs, students know the steps of writing papers,frameworks, contents, abstracts as well as citation and reference systems. They can, out of individual needs, write simple academic papers of medium length with substantial content, accurate information, proper rhetoric, and appropriate style.

2.2 Specific Objectives

2.2.1 Objectives for English Writing I

(1) Students can write lively narration. For narrative writing, students should know the narrative structures and manners; be aware of the reference point, time sequence, conversational structure and changes of perspective; pay attention to the beginning, transition, climax, conflict, resolution, and the end of a narrative; and know the methods of writing in consecutive order, sequential order, and flashbacks.

(2) Students can write vivid description. For descriptive writing, students canmake individualized descriptions of people or things according to their features; can describe a person or a scene in vivid language as if they were real in life by way of

presenting external features and internal traits; are familiar with the combination of both subjective and objective descriptions.

(3) Students can write public statements, such as calls-for-papers, announcements,credentials etc., and general notes, such as leave requests, and receipts.

(4) Students can fill in different types of forms, such as complex applications,and registration forms.

(5) Students can write different types of letters, such as official letters, private letters, and letters for special purposes.

2.2.2 Objectives for English Writing II

(1) Students can write clear exposition. For expository writing, students should be able to emphasize the central ideas with clear logic, substantial content, and accurate language; can make a clear explanation of the structure, category, shape,function and feature; follow the order of time, space, importance and steps.

(2) Students can write precise argumentation. For argumentative writing,students should be able to illustrate ideas, propose claims, analyze reasons, and argue against views; can apply explicit ideas, substantial evidence, accurate language,reasonable illustration and strict logic; master the flexible use of the basic techniquesof argumentation, such as illustrations, induction, exemplification, deduction,comparison, and antitheses.

2.2.3. Objectives for Academic English Writing

(1) Students can understand the basic norms of academic writing in terms of making hypothesis, choosing topics, making outlines, drafting, citing, revising, and writing abstracts; can understand the differences of norms and structures between

different types of academic papers, such as the ones between scientific papers and social scientific papers.

(2) Students can write a medium-sized academic paper; can understand how to choose research topics, make literature reviews, gather resources, produce outlines,choose writing strategies, design diagrams, present research findings and discussions,revise drafts, choose formats, list references, write conclusions, abstracts, key words and submit for publication.

(3) Students can write an academic paper in formal, academic and conventional language; can use some figures of speech to increase the appeal of the paper on the basis of accurate expression; can choose appropriate styles according to different purposes.

4) Students can appropriately use the standard format of citation, such as that of MLA, APA or CMS; can distinguish different types of plagiarism and avoid any forms of plagiarism caused by the ignorance of citation rules.In all of the three kinds of writing (English Writing I, English Writing II and Academic Writing), students should also be aware of the cultural differences

between China and other countries. First, when cultural elements are involved in writing, students should have clear cultural awareness so as to understand the cultural differences between China and English-speaking countries and to respect the uniqueness of other cultures. Second, they should be able to present Chinese cultural elements in certain contexts and properly include Chinese culture in their writing so as to promote global exchanges between China and other countries in the world.