The above-mentioned “writing proficiency” in SWPE refers to the competence of written communication, including linguistic competence, sociolinguistic competence,pragmatic competence, and cultural awareness. The linguistic, sociolinguistic,and pragmatic competences are concerned with basic linguistic knowledge that students need to use correctly in specific contexts so as to achieve successful written communication. On this basis, a keen and strong cultural awareness may help students to express their ideas in a flexible, proper, free, and correct way.
4.1 Linguistic Competence
Linguistic competence is defined as the knowledge and mastery of written expressions, or the students’ ability to organize and express ideas with proper and idiomatic vocabulary, grammar, sentence patterns, structures, paragraphs, and passages. Linguistic competence is both the basis of expression and premise of communication. The basic requirement for written communication is that students have a knowledge of the above linguistic forms and a basic communicative linguistic competence.
4.2 Sociolinguistic Competence
Sociolinguistic competence is concerned with the use of linguistic knowledge in a social dimension, including linguistic markers of social relations, conventions,norms and styles of writing. Sociolinguistic competence is the extension of linguistic competence and the competence of using proper language in written communication.The success of written communication relies to a certain degree on the level of sociolinguistic competence. Specific requirements are shown in table 4.2.
4.3 Pragmatic Competence
Pragmatic competence is concerned with the language user’s discourse competence and functional competence. Discourse competence is the ability of thelanguage user to edit information, organize ideas, and build frameworks. Functional competence refers to the means and competence of using written language for particular purposes. Pragmatic competence helps to upgrade written expressions.Specific description may be found in Table 4.3.
4.4 Cultural Awareness
Cultural awareness is concerned with the clear and conscious sense and mastery of collective consciousness such as humanity, history, geography, politics, economy,society, religion, customs, arts, literature, and values in the countries where the language is used. As language is a carrier of culture, written expression should no doubt be concerned about the cultural differences between languages and respect conventions in different cultures. Cultural awareness will facilitate the sense of intercultural exchange and improve competence of cross-cultural communication.Specific description may be found in Table 4.4.